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16/8/13

Los beneficios del Moringa Oleifera





Continuando con nuestro recorrido por los árboles más magníficos del mundo, les presentamos uno que es llamativo por una inmensa cantidad de motivos. Es el Moringa oleifera, un árbol realmente increíble, pero esta vez no por ser los más altoslos más anchoso los más longevos, sino por la inmensa cantidad de beneficios que genera. Virtualmente cada parte del árbol es beneficiosa en algún modo, lo que es muy importante en las zonas donde suele crecer, como los desiertos de la India o África, pero también han sido llevados a Nicaragua, Brasil, Indonesia, etc.
Es un árbol que soporta períodos prolongados de sequía, por lo que crece bien en todo tipo de zonas áridas o semiáridas, incluso en arena.
En zonas de cultivos se utiliza como cerca viva o cortina rompevientos, también evita la erosión de suelo en zonas de con períodos fuertes de sequía y vientos fuertes. Crecen muy rápido, ya que en tan sólo un año pueden llegar a los 4 metros de altura, y ya dar frutos.
Los beneficios del Moringa oleifera parecen ser innumerables, por ejemplo sus frutos son muy nutritivos, y diversas partes como las semillas, raíces, u hojas son utilizadas para paliar dolores de articulaciones, inflamaciones, para problemas digestivos. Sus hojas no dejan de ser producidas en períodos de aridez, con lo que genera un alimento vegetal que puede suplir los otros que escasean por la sequía. 25 gramos  de hojas de este árbol pueden tener Proteínas 42%, Calcio 125%, Magnesio 61%, Potasio 41%, Hierro 71%, Vitamina A 272%, Vitamina C 22%, increíble.
El aceite de sus semillas y hojas también es muy bueno, tanto como el de oliva, dicen.
Y como si fuera poco, como pueden ver en las fotos, es un árbol sumamente bello. Cuidemos estos seres verdes, que pueden ayudarnos mucho si los cuidamos nosotros a ellos. (imagen)

Moringa oleifera

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Drumstick Tree" and variants thereof redirect here. This name is also used for the 
Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistulosa).
Moringa oleifera
Kingdom:
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Order:
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Species:
M. oleifera
Moringa oleifera
Moringa oleifera, commonly referred to simply as "Shevaga (शेवगा)" in Marathi, "Moringa" 
(from TamilMurungai(முருங்கை) Kannada ನುಗ್ಗೆ ಕಾಯಿ Malayalam:Muringnga(മുരിങ്ങ)[1]),
 is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Moringa, which is the only genus in the family 
Moringaceae. It is an exceptionally nutritiousvegetable tree with a variety of potential uses. 
The tree itself is rather slender, with drooping branches that grow to approximately 10 m in height.
 In cultivation, it is often cut back annually to 1 meter or less and allowed to regrow so that pods and l
eaves remain within arm's reach.

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The United States to USDA hardiness zones 9 and 10. While it grows best in drysandy soil, it tolerates
 poor soil, including coastal areas. It is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree that is native to the
 southern foothills of the Himalayas in northwestern India. Reports that it grows wild in the Middle 
East or Africa are completely unsubstantiated.[citation needed] Today it is widely cultivated in Africa
 It is considered one of the world’s most useful trees, as almost every part of the Moringa tree can
 be used for food or has some other beneficial property. In the tropics, it is used as forage for livestock,
 and in many countries, Moringa micronutrient liquid, a natural anthelmintic (kills parasites) and 
adjuvant (to aid or enhance another drug) is used as a metabolic conditioner to aid against endemic
 diseases in developing countries.
A traditional food plant in Africa, this little-known vegetable has potential to improve nutrition, boost 
food security,
 foster rural development, and support sustainable landcare.[2]

[edit]General nutrition

The immature green pods called “drumstick” are probably the most valued and widely used part of the 
tree. They are commonly consumed in India and are generally prepared in a similar fashion to green
 beans and have a slight asparagus taste. The seeds are sometimes removed from more mature pods
 and eaten like peas or roasted like nuts. The flowers are edible when cooked, and are said to taste like
 mushrooms. The roots are shredded and used as a condiment in the same way as 
horseradish; however, it contains the alkaloid spirochin,[3] a potentially fatal nerve-paralyzing agent, so
 such practices should be strongly discouraged.
Sonjna (Moringa oleifera) leaf in Kolkata,West BengalIndia.
The leaves are highly nutritious, being a significant source of 
The leaves are cooked and used like spinach. In addition to
 being used fresh as a substitute for spinach, its leaves are
 commonly dried and crushed into a powder, and used
 in soups and saucesMurungakai, as it is
 locally known inTamil Nadu and Kerala, is used in
 Siddha medicine. The tree is a good source for calcium and 
phosphorus. In Siddha medicines, these drumstick seeds are 
used as a sexualvirility drug for treating erectile dysfunction
 in men and also in women for prolonging sexual activity.
Moringa leaves and pods are helpful in increasing breast milk
 in the breastfeeding months. One tablespoon of leaf powder provide 14% of the protein, 40% of
 the calcium, 23% of the iron and most of the vitamin A needs of a child aged one to three.
 Six tablespoons of leaf powder will provide nearly all of the woman's daily iron and calcium needs
 during pregnancy and breastfeeding. The Moringa seeds yield 38–40% edible oil (called ben oil from
 the high concentration of behenic acid contained in the oil). The refined oil is clear, odorless, and 
resists rancidity at least as well as any other botanical oil. The seed cake remaining after oil 
extraction may be used as a fertilizer or as a flocculent to purifywater.[5]
Sonjna (Moringa oleifera)trunk in Kolkata,West BengalIndia
The barksap, roots, leaves, seeds, oil, and flowers are used in traditional medicine in several 
countries. In Jamaica, the sap is used for a blue dye.
The flowers are also cooked and relished as a delicacy in West Bengal and Bangladesh, especially
 during early spring. There it is called shojne ful and is usually cooked with green peas and potato.

[edit]Malnutrition

Moringa trees have been used to combat malnutrition, especially among infants and nursing mothers.
 Three non-governmental organizations in particular — Trees for Life (United States), Church World 
Service, and Educational Concerns for Hunger Organization — have advocated Moringa as
 “natural nutrition for the tropics.” Leaves can be eaten fresh, cooked, or stored as dried powder for
 many months without refrigeration, and reportedly without loss of nutritional value. 
Moringa is especially promising as a food source in the tropics because the tree is in full leaf at the 
end of the dry season when other foods are typically scarce.[6] A large number of reports on the 
nutritional qualities of Moringa now exist in both the scientific and the popular literature. It is commonly
 said that Moringa leaves contain more Vitamin A than carrots, more calcium than milk, more iron 
than spinach, more Vitamin C than oranges, and more potassium than bananas,” and that the protein 
quality of Moringa leaves rivals that of milk and eggs.[citation needed] However, the leaves and stem 
of M. oleifera are known to have large amounts of their calcium bound in calcium oxalate crystals
,[7]which is not a form of calcium available to the body. Whether the claim of "more calcium than
 milk" includes this non-bioavailable calcium needs to be addressed. The oral histories recorded
 by Lowell Fuglie in Senegal and throughout West Africa report countless instances of lifesaving 
nutritional 
rescue that are attributed to Moringa.[8] In fact, the nutritional properties of Moringa are now so well-
known that there seems to be little doubt of the substantial health benefit to be realized by consumption
 of Moringa leaf powder in situations where starvation is imminent. Nonetheless, the outcomes of well-
controlled and well-documented clinical studies would still be clearly of great value.[6] In many cultures
 throughout the tropics, differentiation between food and medicinal uses of plants (e.g. bark, fruit, leaves,
 nuts, seeds, tubers, roots, and flowers), is very difficult because plant uses span both 
categories, and this is deeply ingrained in the traditions and the fabric of the community
.[9] In traditional Indian medicine, children and adults used to drink a cup of decoction 
(kasayam) every Sunday, normally after an oil bath, made of ginger, garlic, a piece of Murungai 
tree bark (Murungai pattai ..in Tamil) and Mavelingam tree bark (mavelinga pattai, and the root nodules
 of Kolinji plant (a leguminous plant with nitrogen nodules in the root).

[edit]Cultivation

In the Philippines, the plant is propagated by planting limb cuttings 1–2 m long, from June to 
August, preferably. The plant starts bearing pods 6–8 months after planting, but regular bearing 
commences after the second year. The tree bears for several years. It does not tolerate freeze or frost.
 It can also be propagated by seed. As with all plants, optimum cultivation depends on producing
 the right environment for the plant to thrive. Moringa is a sun- and heat-loving plant. Seeds are planted 
an inch below the surface and can be germinated year-round in well-draining soil.
There is a saying in Tamil Language in India "Murungaiyai odithu vala, pillaiyai adithu vala" (Meaning: the murungai tree must be cultivated by 
regular pruning, children must be groomed with proper guidance(by punishing too).
Rajangam et al. write:
India is the largest producer of Moringa, with an annual production of 1.1 to 1.3 million tonnes of tender fruits
from an area of 380 km². Among the states, Andhra Pradesh leads in both area and production (156.65 km²) f
ollowed by Karnataka (102.8 km²) and Tamil Nadu (74.08 km²). In other states, it occupies an area of 46.13 km².
Tamil Nadu is the pioneering state insomuch as it has varied genotypes from diversified geographical areas
and introductions from Sri Lanka.– In "Development potential for Moringa products" (2001)[10]
Moringa is common in India, where its triangular, ribbed pods with winged seeds are used as a 
vegetable crop. It is particularly suitable for dry regions. The drumstick can be grown using rainwater
 without expensive irrigation techniques. The yield is good even if the water supply is not. 
The tree can be grown even on land covered with 10–90 cm of mud.
Moringa is grown in home gardens and as living fences in Thailand, where it is commonly sold in
 local markets.[11] In the Philippines, Moringa is commonly grown for its leaves, which are used in
 soup.[12] The leaves (called dahon ng malunggay in Tagalog or dahon sa kamunggay in Cebuano
are commonly sold in local markets. Moringa is also actively cultivated by the AVRDC in Taiwan
The AVRDC is "the principal international center for vegetable research and development in the world. 
Its mission is to reduce poverty and malnutrition in developing countries through improved production
 and consumption of vegetables."
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 información visite siempre previamente a su médico.
México a la vanguardia en el Síndrome de Post Polio

CODIGO G "14" El pasado mes de febrero de 2009 y como resultado de la reunión anual del Comité de Revisión y Actualización de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, (OMS) que tuvo lugar en Delhi, durante el mes de octubre de 2008, la Clasificación Internacional de Enfermedades, en su versión 10 (ICD-10) ha adjudicado un lugar específico al Síndrome Post-Polio (SPP) clasificándolo bajo el código "G14" y excluyéndolo del código B91 (Secuelas de poliomielitis), en el que antes ese organismo lo consideraba abarcado Más informes

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